Do you know the types of dementia?
Dementia is an umbrella term for many cognitive disorders which is used to describe a decline in brain function, severe enough to interfere with a person’s daily life. Do you know the types of dementia? Read our blog and get more information about it.
1) Alzheimer’s Disease-
Alzheimer’s disease is the most common type of dementia – 60% to 80% of Dementia cases are found to be of Alzheimer’s disease.
It is probably caused by a combination of genetic, environmental and lifestyle factors. For the care of dementia patients, there are specialized dementia daycare center’s. Dementia daycare center’s provide the best care and affection to the elderly who are suffering from dementia.
Common symptoms of Alzheimer’s dementia are memory loss, confusion, disorientation, mood changes, and difficulty with language and problem-solving.
Treatment- Currently there is no specific cure for Alzheimer’s disease but non-drug therapies can help to manage this dementia. Dementia daycare center’s are the best places to care for people living with dementia.
2) Vascular Dementia
Vascular Dementia is the second most common type of dementia. It occurs when there is a reduction in the blood flow to the brain. It leads to brain cell damage. Dementia daycare center’s arrange different games, lectures and activities for people living with vascular dementia and other types of dementia.
It is the result of high blood pressure, atherosclerosis and heart disease. Stroke also causes vascular dementia.
It’s often related to the problem of thinking, reasoning and memory, as well as difficulty with planning and organizing tasks.
It includes lifestyle changes and medications to control blood pressure and reduce the risk of further strokes. NGOs for seniors such as Dignity Foundation help dementia patients emotionally. They provide therapy and doctor consultations.
3)Lewy Body Dementia-
It is a brain disorder that occurs when abnormal protein deposits and develops in the brain.
It is related to the build-up of alpha-synuclein protein in the brain.
Fluctuations in alertness, attention and visual perception.
It involves medications to alleviate specific symptoms such as hallucinations. Dementia daycare center’s are staffed with trained caregivers who manage these symptoms with alertness, love and care.
4) Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus
It is an abnormal build-up of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain’s ventricles, leading to increased pressure and cognitive impairments.
It can result from brain injury, bleeding in the brain or infections.
It includes difficulty walking, urinary incontinence and cognitive problems like memory loss and difficulty with complex tasks.
Draining excess cerebrospinal fluid can help to reduce symptoms. NGOs for senior citizens who work in this space offer programs through which dementia patients benefit mentally and emotionally.
5) Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome
It is associated with chronic alcohol abuse. Wernicke’s encephalopathy is an acute condition, while Korsakoff’s syndrome is the chronic phase.
It is caused by a deficiency in thiamine (vitamin B1).
Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome includes confusion and memory loss.
Treatment involves thiamine supplementation. Regular care needs to be provided as well.
It is very important to understand the different types of dementia and manage them accordingly. As there is no cure for most forms of dementia, early intervention, care and support can help improve the quality of life for those affected and their families.
Dementia daycare center’s provide guidance, treatment and care for people living with dementia. NGOs like Dignity Foundation provide the best care and programs for senior citizens living with dementia.